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Learn Persian
Learn Persian

Persian Lesson 8 – Letters /la:m/ to /va:v/

Hello everyone, welcome back!

Before we start, I would like to express my deep appreciation to all of you who have been sending me really warm messages during this time. The more feedback you send, the better insight I get, and this will help me organize the theme of the lessons better. Please keep on writing to me. I deeply hope this site is supportive. As I have told you before, I would be really happy just when I saw your progress. Please be kind enough to forgive me if I am not really able to respond to all of your messages.

Has everything been quite clear so far? If not, please let me know. Hopefully, we will complete part one next week. Then, we will take a very short review of what we have already learned before we start part two which will bring us the real work.

So far, we have learned 26 letters. As always, let’s see what we learned last week. Last week we learned these four letters: , , , . Click here if you need to listen to them once more.

Fa to Gaf

Today, we are going to learn four more letters.

27. This is the big letter ‘L’ in Persian. It is called /la:m/.


Like other big letters, it comes at the end of the words and stands either attached or separated from other letters.

This one is the small letter /la:m/.

Note: this small letter can be written in two ways only when it is attached to /alef/. You may find it either as in , or as in . Both of them are the same.

When combined with the vowels, it may be pronounced as .

All Lam

28. This is the big letter ‘M’ in Persian. It is called /mim/.


This one is the small letter /mim/.

When combined, it may be pronounced as . Here!

All Mim

29. This is the big letter ‘N’ in Persian. It is called /nu:n/, like ‘noon’ in English.


This is the small letter /nu:n/.

When combined, it maybe pronounced as .

All Noon

30. This one can be a good equivalent for English ‘V’, but sometimes it has a different function. For example, sometimes it is pronounced as /u:/ in ‘tool’. In this case, it works other than English ‘V’. We will learn more about it later in more appropriate sections. This letter is called /va:v/.


This letter has only one form.

When combined, it may be pronounced as .

All Vav

Note: as you noticed, this letter when combined with long vowel /u:/ is pronounced as both /vu:/ and /u:/. It depends on different words. As far as I remember now, this letter is pronounced /vu:/ in just a few words, and in most cases it is pronounced as /u:/. You will become more familiar with it later.


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