1- Listen to the audio files first (preferably once). Repeat it for a couple of times. Write it down on a paper. Find their English equivalents. (Seen)
2- Find the Persian equivalent for the following words and make seven sentences with each of them (one in simple past tense, negative in simple past, interrogative in simple past, one in present perfect tense, negative in present perfect tense, one using ‘for’, and one with ‘since’).
3- Say these numbers in Persian:
40 – 60 – 30 – 64 – 231 – 1364 – 64231 – 230460
So far, we have successfully learned simple past tense as well as present perfect tense. I think we are now ready to take another step in our learning. Today, we are going to learn a new tense, which is Simple Future Tense.
Please be patient if we are still avoiding the simple present tense. As I have already told you, this tense (simple present tense) is irregular and will probably bring us a little difficulty. That’s why I don’t want to deal with it now. But, don’t worry; we’ll have plenty of time to take care of it! You will face it willy-nilly!!
Ok, now let’s see the simple future tense.
Suppose that we want to say this in Persian: I will write
I deeply hope all of you remember the way we made verbs in simple past tense. We would delete /nu:n/ from the end of infinitives to make a verb in simple past tense.
Let’s see an example:
To write = /neveshtæn/, which is ‘infinitive’.
Delete /nu:n/ from the end of this infinitive and you’ll have /nevesht/, which is a verb in simple past tense.
Keep it in your mind for what we are going to do next.
Now, suppose that we are going to say the followings:
Here, we have a kind of auxiliary verb in Persian, which can help us a lot. I am not going to tell you the root of this auxiliary verb since it refers to simple present tense. Instead, I’ll give you the verb and you’d better memorize it without any special rule to learn. This will be much easier. Ready?
I will = /kha:hæm/.
You will = /kha:hi/.
He/she will = /kha:hæd/.
We will = /kha:him/.
You will = /kha:hid/.
They will = /kha:hænd/.
Hopefully, it’s not difficult for you to memorize.
Now, you may put all verbs in simple past tense (infinitive minus /nu:n/, like nevesht) after the above phrases to change it into simple future tense. Here’s how:
I will write = /kha:hæm nevesht/.
You will write = /kha:hi nevesht/.
He/she will write = /kha:hæd nevesht/.
We will write = /kha:him nevesht/.
You will write = /kha:hid nevesht/.
They will write = /kha:hænd nevesht/.
Note: as you see, the main verb ( nevesht) does not change.
Result: we have happily created a verb in Simple Future Tense!
Now, let’s see another example:
I will close = /kha:hæm bæst/.
You will close = /kha:hi bæst/.
He/she will close = /kha:hæd bæst/.
We will close = /kha:him bæst/.
You will close = /kha:hid bæst/.
They will close = /kha:hænd bæst/.