Before we start today, let me answer to one of your questions first.
In drills for week 15 under section A: my brother sold
How do I translate this?
I’m asking because if I translate this to ‘bara:daram foru:khtan’ and translate it back I get ‘My brother to sell’. On the other hand if I translate this to ‘bara:daram foru:khtam’ I will get ‘My brother I sold’.
I am sure most of you know the answer. So, let’s answer to his question together before he sells his poor brother!
Delete /nu:n/ from the end of infinitives to make a verb in simple past tense.
Here, delete /nu:n/ from the end of /foru:khtæn/ to have /foru:kht/, which is a verb in simple past tense.
As you know, each verb has a suffix that represents our subjects. For example, if we put /mæ/ at the end of /foru:kht/ we will get /foru:khtæm/, which means /mæn foru:khtæm/ = I sold.