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Learn Persian
Learn Persian

useful drills 2

Notes: 1- it is recommended that you visit Let’s Write page first before doing these exercises. It will certainly help you a lot with detecting the letters.

2- please pronounce the letters that we have already studied. For those letters that we haven’t studied yet, just find the long vowels but don’t pronounce them.

3- as you see, the majority of the long vowels are the combination of two letters. Here, all you need to do is find a letter combined with or or or , and that stands alone.


<= pronounced as /ba:/ in barter.

<= pronounced as /bi:/ in beat.

<= + pronounced as /i:/ in eat.

Persian Lesson 2 – The Alphabet, Long Vowels

Before beginning lesson two, I think it’s necessary to mention that each lesson is the continuation of the previous one. Consequently, you may find yourself unable to understand the new lessons perfectly if you ignore the previous lessons. So, I strongly recommend that you study the lessons step by step without skipping any of them. I’m sure you will make great progress in near future if you follow the instructions. In the case you followed the instructions as you are being told and still found it difficult to learn, then you would have the right to angrily blame me for wasting your time and I would certainly shut down this site forever! It’s a deal!

Lesson 2 (Welcome back!)
Ok. How was lesson one? Was everything clear? If not, please let me know. Your suggestions will certainly improve the quality of this site to help you get most out of these pages.

Persian Writing – Useful Drills 1

As you know, practice makes perfect! Every week, along with each lesson, you are given some words to practice. I know that, as a beginner, you will find it difficult to read the entire words by yourself. Therefore, you are not asked to either read or write these words at this stage. Please do not try to pronounce these words on your own or you will remain in an insolvable confusion for good. All you have to do is identify the letters you have already studied. So, first go to the This week and study the new lesson carefully. Then click on the Useful drills button to get connected to this page. On this page you will find some words that seem quite stranger to you at the first glance. Nevertheless, you must at least be able to recognise the letters you have just studied on This week. And this is all I want you to do.

lesson 1

1. Unlike western languages, Persian is written and read from right to left.

2. Persian consists of 32 letters. Some of them have small and big form like A / a in English while others have only one form. You don’t need to memorize all of them now. Just be patient enough to learn it one by one. In the end you’ll see your progress.

3. As you know, English words cannot be pronounced without these five letters: A, E, I, O, U, and sometimes Y as in BY. These are called vowels. In Persian, however, there are no letters considered as vowels. Instead, we put some sounds on or under the letters to make them readable. There are six main sounds in Persian recognized as vowels, three short vowels and three long vowels. Remember that these are not letters. These are sounds that come with letters and make them pronounceable. Today we will learn short vowels.

The representatives (symbols) of these sounds (vowels) are as follows:

English Written Spoken

Dear (literally 'soul')
Your present state
I am well / I am fine
khub hastam
خوب هستم
How are you?
chetor hasti?
چِطور هَستی؟
How is it?
chetor ast?
چِطور اَست؟

English Transliteration Persian Listen

Mum māmān مامان
Boy / Son pesar پِسَر
My boy / My son pesaram پِسَرَم
Morning sobh صُبح
Good Morning sobh bekheyr صُبح بِه خِیر
Dear (literally 'soul') jān جان
How are you? (informal) chetor hasti? چِطور هَستی؟
How is it? chetor ast? چِطور اَست
Good khub خوب
I am good / I am fine khub hastam خوب هستم
Thank you very much kheyli mamnun خِیلی مَمنون
Your present state (informal, spoken) hālet حالِت
Your present state (informal) hāl-e to حالِ تو
Bad bad بَد
I'm not bad bad nistam بَد نیستَم
God khodā خُدا
Goodbye khodā hāfez خُدا حافظ
Goodbye khodā negahdār خُدانِگَهدار
Thanks mersi مِرسی
Feeling / State hāl حال
Thank you mamnun مَمنون
Very / a lot kheyli خِیلی
You (singular) are hasti هَستی
How chetor چِطور

persian numbers 100+

One hundred (100) sad (100) صد (١۰۰)
One hundred and one (101) sad o yek (101) صد و یک (۱۰۱)
One hundred and twenty three (123) sad o bist o se (123) صد و بیست و سه (۱۲۳)
Two hundred (200) devist (200) دویست (۲٠٠)
Two hundred and twenty two (222) devist o bist o do (222) دویست و بیست و دو (۲۲۲)
Three hundred (300) sisad (300) سیصد (٣٠٠)
Three hundred and thirty three (333) sisad o si o se (333) سیصد و سی و سه (٣٣٣)
Four hundred (400) chahārsad (400) چهارصد (۴٠٠)
Four hundred and forty four (444) chahārsad o chehel o chahār (444) چهارصد و چهل و چهار (۴۴۴)
Five hundred (500) pānsad (500) پانصد (۵٠٠)
Five hundred and fifty five (555) pānsad o panjāh o panj (555) پانصد و پنجاه و پنج (۵۵۵)
Six hundred (600) sheshsad (600) ششصد (۶٠٠)
Six hundred and sixty six (666) sheshsad o shast o shesh (666) ششصد و شصت و شش (۶۶۶)
Seven hundred (700) haftsad (700) هفتصد (۷٠٠)
Seven hundred and seventy seven (777) haftsad o haftād o haft (777) هفتصد و هفتاد و هفت (۷۷۷)

persian number 20-100

English Transliteration Persian Listen
Twenty (20) bist (20) بیست (۲۰)
Twenty one (21) bist o yek (21) بیست و یک (۲۱)
Twenty two (22) bist o do (22) بیست و دو (۲۲)
Twenty three (23) bist o se (23) بیست و سه (۲٣)
Twenty four (24) bist o chahār (24) بیست و چهار (۲۴)
Twenty five (25) bist o panj (25) بیست و پنج (۲۵)
Twenty six (26) bist o shesh (26) بیست و شش (۲۶)
Twenty seven (27) bist o haft (27) بیست و هفت (۲۷)
Twenty eight (28) bist o hasht (28) بیست و هشت (۲٨)
Twenty nine (29) bist o noh (29) بیست و نه (۲٩)
Thirty (30) si (30) سی (۳۰)
Forty (40) chehel (40) چهل (۴۰)
Fifty (50) panjāh (50) پنجاه (۵۰)
Sixty (60) shast (60) شصت (۶۰)
Seventy (70) haftād (70) هفتاد (۷۰)
Eighty (80) hashtād (80) هشتاد (۸۰)
Ninety (90) navad (90) نود (۹۰)
One hundred (100) sad (100) صد (١۰۰)
Match the Persian number you hear with its English translation
One hundred
Twenty five

Persian numbers 0-20

Zero (0) sefr (0) صفر (۰)
One (1) yek (1) یک (١)
Two (2) do (2) دو (۲)
Three (3) se (3) سه (۳)
Four (4) chahār (4) چهار (۴)
Five (5) panj (5) پنج (۵)
Six (6) shesh (6) شش (۶)
Seven (7) haft (7) هفت (۷)
Eight (8) hasht (8) هشت (۸)
Nine (9) noh (9) نه (۹)
Ten (10) dah (10) ده (۱۰)
Eleven (11) yāzdah (11) یازده (۱۱)
Twelve (12) davāzdah (12) دوازده (۱۲)
Thirteen (13) sizdah (13) سیزده (۱۳)
Fourteen (14) chahārdah (14) چهارده (۱۴)
Fifteen (15) pānzdah (15) پانزده (۱۵)
Sixteen (16) shānzdah (16) شانزده (۱۶)
Seventeen (17) hefdah (17) هفده (۱۷)
Eighteen (18) hejdah (18) هجده (۱۸)
Nineteen (19) nūzdah (19) نوزده (۱۹)
Twenty (20) bist (20) بیست (۲۰)
Rearrange these numbers below so they are in the correct order, starting with the smallest number at the top.


End of word Middle of word Start of word
Detached Attached Detached Attached
Long ‘a’ like ‘arctic’
(havā - 'air')
(mā - 'us')
(dandān - 'tooth')
(tāb - a 'swing')
(āb - 'water')
Short 'a' like 'apple'
( na - 'no' - the only final ‘a’ in modern Persian)
(shab - 'night')
(asb - 'horse')
Long 'ee' like 'sheep'
(bāzi - 'play')
(shirini - 'pastry')
(sib - 'apple')
(irān - 'Iran')
Short 'e' like 'egg' or 'bed'
(khāneh - 'house')
(medād - 'حثدزهم')
(estakhr - 'swimming pool')
Long 'oo' like 'do' or 'moon'
(dāru - 'medicine')
(mu - 'hair')
(ruz - 'day')
(mush - 'mouse')
(u - 'he' or 'she')
Short 'o' like 'open' or 'photo'
(do - 'two')
(pālto - 'overcoat')
(gol - 'flower')
(otāq - 'room')

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